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Driving Nissan e-NV200 All-Electric Small Commercial Van

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One of two Nissan e-NV200 all-electric vans being used in North America was pushed into service yesterday by Portland General Electric (PGE). And we were among the first to get a turn—and a few miles—behind the wheel.

What's it like? Frankly, it's a lot more like the current 2014 Nissan Leaf than we expected, with a relatively nimble, responsive feel.

That's no surprise, really. The front-wheel-drive, Barcelona-built e-NV200 has the same motor system, as well as many of the same drive components and controls, as the Nissan Leaf. Unladen, it weighs in the range of 300 to 400 pounds more than the Leaf; and it has, essentially the strut-type front end of a small car, grafted to the rear two thirds of a commercial van, with a solid axle and multi-leaf arrangement, controlled by twin-tube shocks.

The battery itself is also familiar territory. It's the exact same 24-kWh, air-cooled pack and 80-kW motor system that's used in the Leaf, and the battery is mounted just below the van's long, smooth cargo floor. Just like the Leaf, it has available fast-charge capability that can bring it up to 80 percent capacity in less than 30 minutes.

The driving position in the e-NV200 is quite different than in the Leaf, however; it's quite upright, with short lower cushions, and the steering column is far more vertical than any car or crossover. There's a lot of hard plastic ahead of the driver, and you can hear a metallic resonance if you tug the seatbelt; but hey, this is a commercial vehicle, and the treatment reflects a work environment—easy to wipe and keep clean. Yet the instrument panel is familiar—a version of the Leaf's gauge cluster, essentially.

Same motor and battery, same range game, too

Nissan e-NV200 - First Drive, June 2014

Nissan e-NV200 - First Drive, June 2014

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Anyone who's driven the Leaf will find the gauge cluster's near-constant recalibration of estimated range familiar, too. I slid into the driver's seat of the e-NV200, shortly after a fresh charge and with 87 miles of indicated range. After a few quick starts and just a couple of miles it had adjusted its estimate to 84 miles. Outside temps were quite comfortable, in the 70s, but I turned on the A/C for less than a minute, noting estimated range temporarily dropping to 71 miles and returning to 83 once we switched it back off.

And those range concerns are largely the reason why the e-NV, which is launching for commercial sales this summer in Europe and in Japan in October, is strictly for test fleets for now. There really are just two in the U.S.; the other one is starting at Fedex in Washington, D.C., where it'll be used for deliveries.

One difference versus the Leaf is that there's a very pronounced two-stage (or three-stage, if you count the foot-to-the-floor detent) accelerator linkage in the e-NV200. As Nissan Light Commercial Vehicles product planner Evan Fulton conceded, is designed to remind those who are used to driving sometimes-underpowered gasoline commercial vans, and not electric vehicles, that the EV's instantaneous torque doesn't require a lead foot to feel sprightly at low speed.

Makes most other cargo vans feel cumbersome

Since the e-NV200 is relatively light for a van (just under 3,700 pounds), it feels eager to make quick directional changes, and you don't crash over pavement irregularities the way you do in some larger, heavier-duty cargo vans.

Who does Nissan have in mind for the e-NV200 in the U.S. Fulton points to contractor types who might just be headed to a work site for an inspection, with a clipboard and a pen.

“They don't need a heavy commercial vehicle that gets 10 miles per gallon for that,” Fulton said. “And then when you need seven or eight thousand pounds of equipment and gear, you send your full-size van...You optimize your operating costs that way.”


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