More than a year ago, we spent a weekend with a 2016 BMW X5 xDrive 40e luxury plug-in hybrid SUV.
Rated at 14 miles of range, it never achieved anything near that number in winter weather.
Now our colleague Kirk Bell has driven a 2017 BMW 740e plug-in hybrid luxury sedan that uses the same powertrain.
He came away baffled—whereas we never completed a somewhat lukewarm writeup at the time.
Now, our two sets of drive reactions have prompted some thinking on the role of plug-in hybrid luxury cars with minimal electric ranges (under 20 miles).
And there are a lot of them, including entries from Audi (A3 e-tron); BMW (330e, 740e, X5 xDrive 40e); Mercedes-Benz (C 350e, GLE 550e, S 550e); Porsche (Cayenne and Panamera S E-Hybrids); and Volvo (XC90 T8 'Twin Engine SUV), with additional entries on the way from these firms and others.
2012 Toyota Prius Plug-In Hybrid, Catskill Mountains, NY, Oct 2012Enlarge Photo
First, some history. The 2012 through 2015 Toyota Prius Plug-In Hybrid was roundly lambasted for its 11-mile range—the lowest of any plug-in car sold in the U.S.
And it couldn't complete even 11 miles on electric power under the gentle EPA test cycles; it had to switch on its engine after 6 miles.
Toyota nonetheless sold 45,000 plug-in Priuses over four years, many of them due only to the green sticker allowing single-occupant use in California's carpool lanes.
Electric-car advocates fumed over the irony that while Priuses had to run with their engines on at highway speeds, Chevy Volts that could cover those speeds solely on battery power didn't initially qualify for the sticker due to arcane emissions rules.
And unlike Chevrolet and Ford, Toyota declined to release data on what percentage of time its plug-in hybrids spent traveling in electric-only mode or on battery capacity charged from the grid.
That led to widespread suspicion that in fact many of those plug-in Priuses didn't get plugged in much, if at all. Some did, clearly, but how many?
2017 BMW 740e xDrive i PerformanceEnlarge Photo
The very same question can be applied to pricey luxury plug-in hybrids, with ranges from 14 to 21 or so miles.
When we tested a Porsche Panamera S E-Hybrid almost two years ago, it got nowhere near its rated 16 miles of range in in cold and snowy upstate New York "springtime" weather.
In fact, the most we got under relatively gentle driving at lower speeds over 520 miles was 9 miles.
We concluded that Porsche's first plug-in hybrid was a relaxing, comfortable, and luxurious way to travel: a big car that "drove small," or at least smaller than its 4,600-pound weight and its considerable size.
We also noted that the single-motor hybrid setup offers real benefits not only in stop-and-go and low-speed traffic, but also at highway speeds, including those above the legal limit.
And we got 31 mpg over mostly highway and faster rural-road travel, quite respectable for a fast 416-horsepower luxury sedan with a bottom line north of $100,000.
Of the plug-in hybrid luxury vehicles on the market, SUVs clearly lead.
Porsche's sold 3,600 Cayenne plug-in SUVs against 1,730 Panamera plug-in sedans over a longer period.
Volvo has sold 2,300 XC90 plug-ins in 17 months, and it now makes up more than 10 percent of total sales for that popular model.
And BMW sold 6,000 X5 plug-in hybrid crossovers last year alone, outweighing the total for the rest of its plug-in hybrids combined (not all of which were on sale all year).