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Cleaner Cars Save You Gas, Also Save Lives, Cut Health Costs

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Smog in New York City

Smog in New York City

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Cars that consume less fuel have many benefits, including lower gasoline costs.

Now it turns out that they also bring significant public-health benefits, reducing health-care costs and premature deaths from cardiopulmonary causes.

The challenge is that the costs and benefits aren't equally spread.

The American Lung Association released a report on Tuesday that shows significantly cleaner cars could save as many as 400 lives not lost to respiratory-related causes, and eliminate as many as 8,075 asthma attacks per year.

Previous reports have suggested a disconnect between political support for general health care and support for electric vehicles and higher Federal fuel-economy standards for fleet ratings by manufacturer.

A goal of 62 miles per gallon by 2025 is now being considered by the California Air Resources Board (CARB) and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).

Recommendations are expected from those agencies next year for final standards to apply to cars produced between 2017 and 2025.

2011 Nissan Leaf and 2011 Chevy Volt, with charging station visible; photo by George Parrott

2011 Nissan Leaf and 2011 Chevy Volt, with charging station visible; photo by George Parrott

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The Lung Association argues that cars and trucks account for at least half of all polluting emissions, and saddle just California residents with additional health care costs of at least $14.5 billion dollars per year.

According to an earlier American Lung Association study, California has four of the top five worst air-quality areas in the country.

Increasing mandated fuel mileage and switching to electric vehicles could save as much as 190 tons a day of carbon emissions, the recent Lung Association report notes. It could also cut as much as 70 percent of the byproducts that generate smog.

The study projects that as many as 28,100 work days per year are lost due to air quality related illnesses.

The higher purchase costs of hybrid and plug-in vehicles may well be offset not only by the owner's savings on fuel over the lifetime of the vehicle, but also regional or national savings on medical issues averted due to their lower emissions.

The challenge, of course, is that car buyers have to put cash on the barrel for the higher purchase price, whereas the health-care costs are more broadly spread across society at large.

In this case, going green in your car purchase can save lives. But the question remains: Who pays for the benefits?

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Comments (5)
  1. All I can say George is, thank heavens that you right for Green Car Reports. The other authors on the site just don't seem to "get" the green car movement. They can't even convincingly fake green car interest. As always, I love reading your articles.
     
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  2. John,
    Thanks for the kind words. Yes, I am totally dedicated to environmental and green issues. We just spent several days last week in Chicago for one of my regional professional meetings, I am a Professor of Psychology at CSU, Sacramento with a research interest in personality and behavior, and we got in a visit to the Museum of Science and Industry there. We wanted to check out the special exhibit on a fully "Green House."
    Our current home is fully powered by a 5.5 kWh PV system with a solar hot water system and all the landscaping done in low maintenance drip watered planting.
    We are doing pretty much all we can for this precious environment.
     
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  3. George, Thank is really excellent. We have a 3 KW PV system on our house and have done a lot of conservation to get our electricity consumption down by 75%. The result is zero electric bills in the summer. I am currently working on a solar hot water system for my house. We have a Prius and I bicycle to work in the summer.
    One nit-pick for you. Perhaps that should be a 5 kW PV system rather than a 5 kWh PV system.
    Well, if you happen to be in behavioral Psychology, perhaps you can help me to get people to change their behavior. Because, as you know, the engineering of cleaner technologies has already been done.
    Later
    John C. Briggs
     
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  4. John,
    I am not in behavioral psychology, but I am a "social psychologist" as well which gets me looking at "changing attitudes" which hopefully will lead to behavioral change.
    I was just meeting today with our local Costco management to see about setting up an electric car "show and tell" by actual owners for sometime in the next couple of months....
    Our home solar PV system is sized to totally wipe out ALL of our actual electricity use fees (we still pay a monthly grid connect fee) AND also generate enough "peak time" credit to offset our actual EV midnight to 7 am charging cycle. So we have basically ZERO electricity costs for the home and ZERO power costs to do our regular work/errand commuting.
     
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  5. @John,
    Thinking about using psychology to try to get people to drive more environmentally thoughtful, you might want to check out this piece of mine that went up on another of our sites:
    www.allcarselectric.com/blog/1058560_could-psychology-offer-a-new-way-to-encourage-green-driving
    My original title had something like "Using Big Brother to push us green..." or something like that...
     
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