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Will France Lead Europe In Electric-Car Industry?

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Facelifted 2013 Renault Fluence electric sedan

Facelifted 2013 Renault Fluence electric sedan

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Which international carmaker currently has the largest range of electric vehicles?

The answer is Renault. The French automaker has a significant EV portfolio--and as the French government puts greater emphasis on EVs, it may soon be joined by other carmakers too.

Indeed, between electric cars, investment in infrastructure and electric car sharing schemes, France could become the leading nation in Europe for electric vehicles.

Infrastructure, subsidies

The French government has already emphasized its commitment to EVs by vowing to increase the country's charging infrasctructure.

While the pot of money is relatively small--$65 million, reports Wards Auto--it's set to be used widely. It will be used to subsidize charging stations in public places, and even those on private property at places of business.

France is also encouraging private companies to play their part by installing charging points. The country wants to encourage, rather than introduce laws which force companies into providing for EV users.

At the same time, the country has increased its bonus to EV buyers to $9000. It has also laid down plans for 25 percent of future government vehicles to be hybrids and EVs.

Renault Twizy in New York City. Photos: Renault Official on Flickr

Renault Twizy in New York City. Photos: Renault Official on Flickr

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Carmakers

Nissan partner Renault's range of four vehicles may not have made much of a sales impact just yet, but it's a statement of intent.

The Twizy two-seat city car, Zoe subcompact, Fluence compact sedan and Kangoo ZE delivery van cover many large European market segments--only with electric power.

As the cheapest, the Twizy is selling respectably in crowded European cities, and the newly-facelifted Fluence is a staple of the Better Place battery-swap service.

The Zoe, when it enters the market, will be priced little differently to that of the equivalent Renault Clio compact, at $21,000 post-incentives--which could see EVs making a turning point in the market.

Other French automakers have tackled EVs too. Peugeot and Citroen sell re-badged versions of the Euro-market Mitsubishi i. Bollore's Bluecar is familiar to anyone who has visited Paris recently, as a popular car-sharing vehicle in the city.

Even non-French makers are investing in the country. Smart has always built cars at its Hambach plant in eastern France, and that includes the Electric Drive models.

Bolloré BlueCar electric car used for Autolib' car-sharing service in Paris, September 2012

Bolloré BlueCar electric car used for Autolib' car-sharing service in Paris, September 2012

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Car sharing

Car sharing using electric cars is nothing new--Car2Go has run similar programs in some American cities.

But as part of the Autolib' car sharing system, the Bollore Bluecar city cars--styled by Pininfarina--are a significant feature of the Parisian landscape, and are introducing thousands of city-dwellers to electric vehicles.

Many believe that's the first step towards getting people interested in the cars--usually, driving one is enough to plant the seed.

After that, France's efforts to improve the charging network and subsidize the cars themselves--and France is fiercely loyal to its domestic marques--could encourage customers further.

Given all these factors, it's not beyond reason that France could become Europe's electric car center--even if they occasionally have odd policies on saving energy...

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Comments (6)
  1. France also has the (nuclear) power generation capacity in place to support a large scale adoption of EVs with affordable energy prices. Unlike Germany that is closing down its nuclear power plants and increases energy prices for its citizens to foot the bill for its more or less dysfunctional alternative energy programs that are supposed to replace them. One of reasons its safe to say that Germany isn't going to be a leader in Europe for plug-in vehicles any time soon.
     
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  2. I think Germans are heavily invested in diesel... After all, they invented it...
     
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  3. @Chris, I realize that political comments in the US need not be based on any fact, but if you bothered to check, you'd have noticed that the reality is much more nuanced, to say the least.
    http://cleantechnica.com/2012/02/09/clean-energy-loving-germany-increasingly-exporting-electricity-to-nuclear-heavy-france/

    Also, while I expect Renault-Nissan to do very well with EVs, and not just in Europe, all BMW, VW and Daimler groups also already have EVs on the road and will I'm sure provide plenty of competition.
    Which manufacturers are left behind? IMHO, the American ones, plus maybe Honda.
     
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  4. The problem with cars in France is that they are expensive. They may be able to lead in this field but will the average French citizen be able to afford them? We should'nt dismiss Germany because most top German auto/autopart manufacturers operate globally. Continental AG and The Schaeffler Group for example. Schaeffler are in the process of developing a car called the Schaeffler Hybrid. The vehicle is part of an advanced development project that provides a practical comparison of the various options available for e-mobility. Also I just read that Schaeffler are expanding their operation in Hungary where the government is actively creating a positive investment environment. German know-how and low labour cost - what possibilities !!
     
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  5. Not wanting to nit pick but I know how John likes to be precise. The picture is not a Renault Fluence ZE face lifted. As far as I know there are no cosmetic changes to the present Fluence ZE and the model shown is a petrol car. It's a foot shorter than the ZE and it has a fuel filler cap on the right rear (not shown). The ZE has connector ports on the front wings on both sides. This face lifted version has just been shown in at a motor show in Turkey (yes, who knew!) which is where they make them.
     
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  6. All credit to Renault, they are undoubtedly leading the EV market in Europe. Sad to say, the UK has little to compete with them in the mass market.
     
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