The electric vehicle world is watching the rollout of Better Place's electric-car network in Israel with interest, but some have asked whether Better Place has an effective monopoly on electric cars granted by the Israeli Government.
Better Place says its service and its cars compete with gasoline cars; against those, clearly it has no monopoly.
But for the foreseeable future, it appears Better Place may have the only plug-in cars on sale in Israel, and the only legally allowed electric-car charging network.
Israel is the first country in which Better Place is deploying its battery-switch and charging infrastructure nationwide.
The promise is that electric-car owners can drive long distances--beyond the electric range of their Renault Fluence ZE sedans--with interruptions of just a few minutes to swap battery packs.
But there's a catch: Anyone who wants to use an electric car can buy only one model, without a battery pack, and must subscribe to the Better Place service to make it usable. The service includes:
According to my estimates, the $280 monthly subscription fee for 12,500 miles (20,000 km) a year includes $34 of electricity, $192 for the battery lease, and $54 for the rest of the service.
The sole electric car sold in Israel is Better Place's Renault Fluence ZE. The local Chevrolet importer confirmed plans to bring the Volt to Israel, but could not quote a price and gave a vague 6-to-12-month timeframe.
Import duty is 83 percent on conventional cars, with hybrids at 53 percent. Zero-emission vehicles get only a 10-percent import tax--saving an estimated $6,000 per vehicle. The duty is already factored into the price, leading to charges that Better Place does not pass this break along to buyers in full.
If other electric cars are imported, Israel's Ministry of National Infrastructure has ruled that owners will not legally be allowed to charge from a standard Israeli 230-Volt domestic power socket--they must contract with an approved charging-services provider.
So far, only one potential competitor for charging services has emerged: Pango Charging. I could not confirm specifics of their plans.
Shai Agassi, the well-connected founder of Better Place, has been charged in the media with negotiating the restrictions to give the company a first-mover advantage and stifle imports of other electric cars.
The Israeli Government says it has prepared for the arrival of plug-in vehicles since 2006, and wants an open market. (Its policy document is available in English from the Ministry of National Infrastructure's website.)
The policy notes the benefits of reducing the "dependency of the State of Israel on fuel," and of cutting "harm resulting from the use of fuel in private vehicles in particular."