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Drive An Electric Car? Remember To Exercise Your Car’s Brakes!

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Nissan Leaf Wheel

Nissan Leaf Wheel

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If you drive a plug-in car or a hybrid, the chance are you’ll be familiar with the concept of regenerative braking. 

But although regenerative braking might be the preferred way to slow down a plug-in or hybrid car, it could mean that your car’s traditional friction brakes don’t  get used as much as they should.

According to BMW ActiveE driver Don Louv, that means you should go out and exercise your car’s friction brakes once in a while to keep them operating at peak efficiency.

But before we explain why this is a good idea, we need to examine how regenerative and traditional braking systems work.

Under regenerative braking, the car’s electric motor becomes a generator, converting the car’s kinetic energy into electrical energy which can be stored in the battery pack.  As kinetic energy is reduced, so the car slows. 

Under traditional friction braking, a brake pad or shoe is pushed against the car’s brake disc or drum, converting the car’s kinetic energy into heat, slowing the car down in the process. 

In a regular car, friction brakes are used so frequently that they generally keep free from rust, and continue to work well. 

The brake pads also tend to bed in quickly when new, meaning they reach peak operating efficiency quickly. 

On a plug-in or hybrid car, friction brakes may not be used for extended periods of time, meaning that the discs may become less effective as rust and other contaminants build up.

This is especially true if most of your driving is done on surface streets at low speed. 

Delphi Twin-Disc Brakes

Delphi Twin-Disc Brakes

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If your car is new, its friction brakes may never have bedded in correctly yet, also resulting in reduced brake efficiency.

Luckily, there’s a simple fix. 

“Go out there, and on a safe, lonely stretch of road, do a dozen or so accelerations up to speed,” advises Louv. “Then, (be safe) stand on the brakes, and do a hard, fast stop. Start at 30mph, then repeat at 40, at 50, and 60.”

By doing this, you should both help your car’s brakes bed in, and clear any surface rust from your car’s brake discs. 

“repeat at 50 or 60 until you’ve done 10 or 12 passes,” says Louv. “You’ll notice after this that the real brakes perform much better than in the beginning.”

Of course, another alternative is to try and brake a little harder now and then when it’s safe to do so, which will force your car to use its friction brakes as well as regenerative brakes.

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Comments (5)
  1. Last time I rotated the tires on the Prius, I was amazed to see rust on the disc rotors. You don't see that on traditional cars.
     
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  2. I don't ever see any rust on our LEAF brakes. My wife drives it most of the time :-)
     
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  3. I've noticed my Leaf's brakes can be a little grabby sometimes just before stopping; especially if I stop and go a few times in a row. I have definitely noticed a difference if I turn off the traction control temporarily, so I feel most of it is associated with poor management of the anti-lock braking and brake boost software, but it's possible the rotors could use a good work over like you've said as well.
     
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  4. The latest software update fixes that brake grabby problem. The friction brakes are used everytime you stop in an EV, just 90% less. The time between about 7MPH and 0 is where they are used most.
    Also brakes will get rusty overnight if exposed to moisture like rain etc, all cars do that.
     
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  5. For Prius owners, it is easy to condition the friction brakes-- Find a quiet stretch of road, and shift to neutral before applying the brakes to a full stop. Shifting into Neutral forces the Prius to use just the friction brakes (cuts out regen braking entirely).
     
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