Used Electric Cars: About To Get Big, What You Need To Know Page 3

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Nissan Leaf electric cars used by Seattle traffic enforcement department.

Nissan Leaf electric cars used by Seattle traffic enforcement department.

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2011-2014 Nissan Leaf

  • Sold in SV and SL models each year, with a base S model introduced for 2013
  • Fast-charging was standard in SL, optional in S and SV (more limited in 2011)
  • 2013 model has changes that can add up to a 14-percent improvement in driving range
  • 2013-2015 SV and SL models, and some 2013-2015 S models, get faster 6.6-kW charging
  • 2013-2015 SV and SL models have a (more efficient) heat pump, while all other models have a resistive heater
  • Nissan has made battery improvements through the model years—especially to heat tolerance

2012-2014 Tesla Model S

  • Base rear-wheel-drive Model S from 2012 through 3/2015 was rated at 208 miles, with a 60-kilowatt-hour battery pack
  • Higher-capacity 70- and 85-kWh versions has ranges of 240 and 270 miles, respectively
  • Upgrades delivered ‘over the air’
  • 10-kW charging included in all cars, but some models include dual (20-kW) charging
  • Supercharging optional, but in about 90 percent of cars
  • Active cruise control and active-safety items weren’t offered until late 2014
  • Door hardware has been one of few weak points

2012-2014 Mitsubishi i-MiEV (available in all 50 states but quite rare)

  • Initially called the Mitsubishi i
  • Mitsubishi hasn’t reported any major/significant battery improvements
  • Most cars have (CHAdeMO) fast-charging
  • CHAdeMO fast-charging became standard for 2014
  • There was no 2015 model year i-MiEV.

2012-2014 Ford Focus Electric (available in all 50 states but quite rare)

  • Liquid-cooled batteries have no significant reported issues in high heat
  • Dealerships may not be used to seeing them, as they’re few and far between
  • No fast-charging at all, but all cars have 6.6-kW onboard charging


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