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No Engine, No Brand Identity? Electric Cars And Branding

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Taken in Bristol, UK. Photograph taken by Phil Bambridge. Used with Permission.

Taken in Bristol, UK. Photograph taken by Phil Bambridge. Used with Permission.

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Let us run a few engines past you. A warbling flat six. A growling V8. The howl of an inline four changing cam profiles. The smooth buzz of a rotary. How about some names now? Hemi. Vortec. Powerstroke. VTEC. Renesis. Ecoboost.

Noticing a pattern? The first list is clearly engine layouts, and the second are trademarked brand names for particular motors. The similarity amongst them all is that you could probably link every single layout and name with a particular car company, or sometimes even with a particular model. Rotaries for example have been synonymous with Mazda for many years now, and Renesis is their brand name for the engine in the recently discontinued RX-8 sports coupe.

Engines and brand identity

Legendary HEMI not part of Chrysler’s future powertrains

Legendary HEMI not part of Chrysler’s future powertrains

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Brand identity is an important aspect of any car maker, but as you can see from the examples above, it runs particularly strongly down to the engine powering the vehicles. Nobody would mistake a Hemi for anything but a V8 made by Chrysler, for instance, and the engine even defines particular models, marking them out as something special. What would you call the electric motor in a Tesla Roadster though? Does it even have a name?

And if the motor does have a name, how do you then define it against the electric motor in any other EV? Its application aside, does the motor in a Tesla hold any more brand identity than the one in a Reva G-Wiz does?

Car companies trade heavily on the image, and indeed the characteristics and sounds of the engines they drop into their vehicles. When you take this image away from electric cars, whose powertrains effectively have no distinguishing features beyond their abilities to move you at a different pace from the next EV, what takes their place?

Identity in EV drivetrains?

BMW Megacity Vehicle official teaser

BMW Megacity Vehicle official teaser

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Some might say the battery packs will come to define the car. Apart from the very obvious defining feature of range and the mixed press range figures can attract, battery packs can actually vary significantly between EVs. Tesla, BMW, GM and Ford all rely on liquid cooling for their packs, reasoning it to be better in a wider variety of driving conditions.

Nissan have gone a different route though with their air-cooled pack, a move that Tesla CEO Elon Musk has criticized. Apart from anything, Nissan state cost and simplicity as a major reason for going down the air-cooled route - not dissimilar to the cost and simplicity reasons for using air-cooling on motorcycle engines. Perhaps for a while we'll see a divide in the cooling method manufacturers choose.

Some manufacturers choose to use different charge usage too - A LEAF will use 90 percent of its battery pack, a Chevy Volt only 50 percent. Mentioning the Volt too, it's hard not to see how the drivetrain itself isn't a defining feature, some EVs being full battery-electric and others using range extending engines - though of course, the debate still rages whether those deserve to be called electric cars...

As for motors themselves, there is already little to define them beyond the power they output and different types of whine they emit - and comparing the whine of electric motors is like comparing the sound of dozens of generic four-cylinder gasoline engines - there isn't enough of a difference to make one more special than another.

At the advent of EVs requiring sounds to warn pedestrians of a vehicle's presence, there's always the option for manufacturers to create their own distinctive sound to mark out a model or a brand.


Finding pastures new

With a lack of brand identity in an EV's drivetrain then, manufacturers will surely have to look to other areas in which to distinguish their vehicle.

The obvious one, of course, is styling. In the automotive world styling carries more identity even than engines. A kidney grille is unique to BMW, and it's an aspect that will no doubt be carried over to the upcoming MegaCity EV, with their "hoffmeister kink" rear window line surely set to make an appearance too. The car is undoubtably going to carry unique styling though, marking it out as something a little special.

Renault Twizy Concept

Renault Twizy Concept

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Renault are treading the same path, with their proud involvement in EV development. Whilst their Kangoo Z.E. and Fluence Z.E. models will be similar to the existing gasoline and diesel production cars, they've promised distinctive styling for the Zoe Z.E, and the Twizy tandem city car previewed at the Paris Auto Show has crazy styling, unmistakably unique, and unlike anything with a regular internal combustion engine.

It's another possible route for automakers. Some EVs will look fairly similar to regular cars, a trick the 2011 Nissan LEAF pulls off well, looking distinctive yet inoffensive at the same time, not differing too much to regular cars that it'll put off more conservative buyers.

Other makers will be able to make best use of electric vehicles' unique powertrains and the different packaging requirements of motors and batteries to create cars that would be utterly impossible to build as gas or diesel models.

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Comments (10)
  1. Hemi bad....WarP good!
     
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  2. i dont think there is any need.
    an ev is a utility vehicle. it does the job much better than a gasoline vehicle. or at least can.
    but some cars no doubt will be built better than other cars. and this is what people will be looking for, and how car companies will sell them.
    we got the abc car, and this is what consumers are saying about it, etc.
    i think consumers will have many options. such as motors in the wheels will probably be an expensive option for quite a while, when they come out.
    it is really better for the consumer to have more parts the same, between companies. just look at what that concept did for the computer business.
     
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  3. ibm was slow to get into the pc business. but when they did, they virtually bought the whole business out, where the ibm pc was about the only thing going.
    but they tried to keep everything private, where you had to buy special parts, etc. then came the ibm clones. the difference was that they were much cheaper, and now you werent tied to the manufacturer for parts, like ibm, dell, etc.
    and now everyone has inexpensive computers. i would love to see the same thing occur in the ev industry, as far as the parts go.
    then all we are talking about is the body styling. some people care about it, others do not. the more utilitarian, the less one will care about the styling.
    personally, i look at a car as simply a tool. looks is way, way far down the list for me.
     
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  4. Does anyone remember the electric slot car craze which swept the United States in the mid- to late- 1960s? I do. Some of those toy cars were faster than others, even though they all used the same electricity source. I remember a company called Champion out of Chamblee, Georgia which made custom electric motors. For some reason, their motors were faster than the others. It had something to do with the guage of the wire and number of wraps of the wire around the armature. They also custom-balanced the armatures. Their magnets may have alos been stronger than those used in standard motors.
    Perhaps we will see the same sort of thing occur with full-sized electric vehicles, where some manufacturers will have more efficient electric motors than others, or perhaps specialty shops will emerge which can turn a stock electric motor into a high performance motor.
     
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  5. yep, my best buddy loved the slot cars. we went down to the local drug store and ran them on their track.
     
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  6. I think it's a bit too soon to think about branding EV drivetrains. Just the fact they are electric creates a whole new set of questions to car consumers. When electrics make up a majority of vehicles in the showroom, then motor and battery branding might take hold.
    For instance, recently Apple has been touting their Lithium Ploymer batteries in the iPhone 4. Not sure how that makes them stand out because pretty much all cell phones use lithium batteries. Most people don't know the different lithium chemistries, so to the average consumer, lithium is lithium.
     
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  7. yea - let's just get em out here - then we can worry about how to sell em - LOL !!!!!
     
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  8. This article is simply nonsense. The V8 and the HEMI and the VORTEX are all very carefully crafted differentiators heavily promoted by the car companies as part of their branding efforts. No one knew what a HEMI was until they explained the advantages of having one and specifically how it made their car better. We all had to learn that.
    EV's are the same only the same. There are LOTS of different motors out there with very different features and if power is your gig, then it WILL make a difference and automakers will make hay out of it. Remy has already started with their HAIRPIN windings for heavier torque and more robust motors.
    It will be the same and more of the same. The author simply isn't aware of these things anymore than the general public was aware of "hemis" and V-8's before they were popularized by customer education.
    Jack Rickard
    http://EVTV.me
     
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  9. Jack Rickard, are you trying to win the curmudgeon-of-the-month award? Or were you just blessed with bad manners?
    Anyway, I think this is a pretty good article that discusses the topic at hand quite well. My take: what every EV needs is a unique sales proposition, just like ICE cars do. But mostly don't. Which is why Plymouth and Mercury and Oldsmobile are dead. EV makers will promote the real or perceived advantages of their motor set up, or suffer the consequences.
     
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  10. I am surprised that there is not more awareness in this group, there is a lot of difference in electric motors now, with Tesla leading the way. Tesla motors have up to 4 times the power to weight ratio of some more standard EVs, and EVs in general have much higher power to weight than standard industrial electric motors or servo motors. Lots of people think and electric motor is just an electric motor, not true.
     
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